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What is the Best Shingle Type for Roof?

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Shingles are a versatile and budget-friendly choice for roof replacement across various climates. Among the different types of shingles, three-tab asphalt shingles are the most popular for residential use, but there are other options available. This overview will cover various roofing shingle types and compare their pros and cons.

1. What factors do we should Look for in Roof Shingles?

When comparing shingle brands and materials, consider the following factors:

Aesthetics and Style: Shingles are a prominent feature of your home’s exterior, so their appearance matters. Once you choose a material, you’ll have a wide range of styles and colors to select from to enhance your home’s curb appeal.

Durability: Choose shingles that offer the longest lifespan your budget allows to maximize your roof’s longevity.

Energy Efficiency: Some shingles and coatings are more energy-efficient than others. Solar shingles, for example, generate energy for your home.

Maintenance: Some roofing materials, like cedar shakes, require regular maintenance such as sealing and cleaning. If you prefer minimal upkeep, opt for a lower-maintenance material.

Performance: Consider your local weather conditions. If you live in an area prone to strong winds, heavy rain, hail, snow, or wildfires, choose shingles that are designed to withstand these elements. Look for those with high impact resistance, wind resistance, and fire ratings.

Material: The best shingle material for your roof will depend on your climate, budget, and design preferences. Common materials include asphalt, composite, wood, metal, and slate.

Warranty: Different manufacturers offer varying warranties. Significantly, look for shingles with comprehensive lifetime warranties for the best protection.

2. How to Choose the Best Roofing Shingles for Your Home?

Here are some tips for selecting the ideal shingles for your home:

  1. Identify the Best Material: Asphalt shingles provide the most variety in terms of price and color, but other materials may offer greater longevity and weather resistance.
  2. Consider the Local Climate: Ensure your roof is rated to withstand severe weather conditions common in your area.
  3. Evaluate Aesthetics: Think about how the new roofing materials will affect your home’s overall look.
  4. Consider Resale Value: If you plan to sell your home in the near future, keep in mind that asphalt shingles often offer a higher return on investment compared to metal panels, according to Remodeling magazine’s 2024 Cost vs. Value Report.
  5. Consult a Professional: Once you have an idea of what you want, speak with a design professional. They can offer customized recommendations and provide samples.
  6. Review Warranties: Make sure you understand what the warranties cover.
  7. Get Multiple Quotes: When ready to install, obtain quotes from at least three different local roofing contractors to ensure you get the best deal.

3. What are the Types of Roof Shingles?

Homeowners have several options when it comes to roof shingles:

4. How many types of Asphalt Roof Shingles?

Asphalt shingles, which consist of a fiberglass mat layered with asphalt and topped with ceramic granules, are the most common roofing choice in North America due to their affordability and easy installation.

5. What are three-tab shingles?

Three-tab shingles are the most basic and least expensive type, with a lifespan of 15 to 20 years but are not very durable.

6. How many layers Laminate architectural shingles have?

Laminate architectural shingles have two layers, offering a longer lifespan of up to 30 years and a higher cost.

7. Which is the highest price point shingles?

Multilayered architectural shingles (luxury shingles) feature three layers and come at the highest price point.

8. What is the cost of Asphalt Shingles?

The cost of asphalt shingles ranges from $4 to $15 per square foot, depending on material and roof complexity. While most roofers recommend using a single layer of asphalt shingles, it’s possible to install a second layer over existing shingles.

Asphalt Shingles

asphalt roof shingles

9. What are Composite Roof Shingles?

Made from recycled materials like plastic and rubber or newly engineered polymers, composite shingles are extremely durable with high weather and impact resistance, lasting up to 50 years even in harsh conditions. These shingles can mimic the look of wood shakes, slate, and other materials, with prices ranging from $7.50 to $13 per square foot.

composite shingles

11. What is Metal Shingle?

Metal roofing products are known for their low maintenance, fire resistance, and eco-friendliness, as they are recyclable and reflect heat. However, they can dent easily and be noisy in the rain. Metal shingles vary in cost depending on the type of metal:

12. What is price of Aluminum metal shingles?

Aluminum: $4 to $11 per square foot

13.What is the price of copper metal shingles?

Copper: $15 to $30 per square foot.

14. What is lifespan of Steel & Zinc metal shingles?

Steel and Zinc: Mid-range pricing, with lifespans of 40 to 70 years for steel and aluminum, and up to 100 years for high-end zinc and copper.

metal roofing

Metal Shingles

Slate Shingles

It is a natural stone offering exceptional durability, with a lifespan of up to 200 years. However, slate shingles are heavy and expensive, requiring roof reinforcement which increases installation costs. Moreover, Slate shingles can be pure stone or hybrids of stone with steel or synthetic materials. Natural slate costs $15 to $30 per square foot but is known for its high quality and elegance.

Slate Shingles

slate roofing ,slate shingles

Solar Shingles

For those interested in clean energy without traditional solar panels, solar shingles provide an integrated roofing and energy solution. Although less efficient than panels, requiring more shingles for the same energy output, they are lighter and more flexible. Solar shingles are an investment at $20 to $30 per square foot but offer a sleek appearance.

solar roofing ,solar shingles

Solar Shingles

15. Why are Wood Roof Shingles used for?

Redwood, pine, and cedar are commonly used for both hand-split shakes and machine-crafted shingles. It offers a rustic look and feel. Durable and lasting 40 to 50 years, wood shingles require regular cleaning and sealing to prevent rot and insect damage. These roofs are also flammable, and despite fire-resistant treatments, they may be banned in wildfire-prone areas. Wood shingles cost between $6 and $18 per square foot.

Wood Shingles

wood roof ,wood shingles

16. What Is the Average Cost of Roof Shingles?

Here is a comparison of average costs for different shingle materials:

Shingle Type Average Cost
Asphalt $4–$15
Metal $4–$30
Wood $6–$18
Composite $7.50–$13
Slate $15–$30
Solar $20–$30
Average Cost of Roof Singles

The cost range of $4 to $30 per square foot translates to different roof sizes, keeping in mind that your roof’s square footage will be slightly larger than your home’s to account for overhangs and pitch.

Roof Size Cost Range
1,000 sq ft $4,000–$30,000
1,500 sq ft $6,000–$45,000
2,000 sq ft $8,000–$60,000
2,200 sq ft $8,800–$66,000
2,500 sq ft $10,000–$75,000
3,000 sq ft $12,000–$90,000
ROOF COST PER SQUARE FOOT

17. What are the Top Roof Shingles Brands?

Here are some leading roofing manufacturers and what they offer:

Atlas

Atlas Roofing offers seven product lines to cater to various needs. The StormMaster Shake series is designed to withstand severe weather.In addition, it features Class 4 impact resistance and wind resistance up to 150 MPH. The Pinnacle Pristine line, while having slightly lower weather resistance, comes with a lifetime limited warranty at a more affordable price.

CertainTeed

CertainTeed’s Landmark series shingles provide Class A fire resistance, a 15-year wind warranty, and a 25-year warranty against algae streaking. Higher-end lines, such as the Presidential and Grand Manor, replicate the appearance of wooden shakes and natural slate. CertainTeed also offers self-adhesive underlayment and other innovative roofing products.

GAF

GAF’s most popular line is Timberline HDZ, available in 20 colors with a 15-year wind warranty and a 25-year algae protection warranty. GAF also sells basic 3-tab shingles and designer shingles. Hiring a GAF-certified roofing contractor for installation can provide you with a lifetime warranty and additional protection.

IKO

IKO offers high-performance and laminated architectural shingles in various colors. The Dynasty and Nordic lines are built for excellent wind and hail resistance. On the other hand Cambridge line mimics wood shakes. Even IKO’s luxury lines are relatively affordable, with the Crowne Slate series performing well in Consumer Reports testing.

Malarkey

Malarkey, primarily ,a West Coast company, uses rubberized asphalt, recycled plastics, and smog-reducing granules. The Ecoasis series is environmentally friendly, designed to reflect solar heat and meet cool roof standards. Malarkey provides standard and extended warranties and matches other companies’ warranties. However, Malarkey products are not available in all states.

Owens Corning

Owens Corning offers a range from budget-friendly to luxury shingles. The best-selling midrange Duration shingles are popular. On the other hand, the premium Berkshire collection is noted for its tensile strength and resistance to wind, impact, and tearing, according to Consumer Reports. Some Owens Corning products currently have limited availability.

Tamko

Tamko provides five lines of asphalt shingles, including the Titan XT series for extreme weather and the Heritage series for enhanced curb appeal. It also offers metal shingles designed to resemble tile, slate, or wood, with colors and styles varying by region.

18. What is the best type of roof shingle?

Composite shingles stand out for their durability and impressive resistance to weather and impacts. These shingles can endure up to 50 years, even in harsh conditions like high winds and heavy rain. They can also be designed to mimic the appearance of wood shakes, natural slate and other materials.

19. What roof shingles last the longest?

 When it comes to longevity, luxury shingles are the top performers among asphalt shingles, offering a lifespan of 25-40 years. If you plan to stay in your home long-term and want a roof that remains in excellent condition, luxury shingles are a great choice.

20. Which type of roof is the most durable?

Slate roofs that are made from natural stone cut into shingle pieces are considered the strongest in the roofing industry. With proper installation, slate shingles can last between 50 to 100 years, often outlasting the underlayments beneath them.

Sure! Here’s a paraphrased version of the questions and answers:

21. What are the three types of shingles used in roofing?

The three main types of asphalt shingles are 3-tab, architectural, and luxury. Asphalt shingles are great because they offer options for different budgets and home styles. However, each type varies significantly. Let’s examine each one’s basic details, appearance, cost, lifespan, warranty, and pros and cons.

22. What is the best grade of asphalt shingles?

Luxury Shingles (or Premium Shingles)

Luxury shingles are the top-tier asphalt shingles, providing a distinct look that sets them apart from dimensional shingles. These shingles usually last around 30 years and offer higher wind resistance due to their weight.

23. What are standard roof shingles?

Asphalt Shingles – The most popular due to their cost-effectiveness and durability.
Architectural Shingles – A premium type of asphalt shingle that offers a more dimensional look.
Fiberglass Shingles – Made with a fiberglass base layer and coated with asphalt, offering good fire resistance.

24. How to identify shingle types?

Dimensional shingles, the most popular type today, can be identified by their unique appearance. Unlike 3-tab shingles, which have uniform shapes, dimensional shingles have alternating areas or tabs of single and double layers.

25. What is better than shingles?

Metal roofing is a superior choice for long-term investment as it lasts much longer than asphalt shingles, is eco-friendly, and requires minimal maintenance.

26. Which shingles are more expensive?

Luxury (Premium) asphalt shingles are more budget-friendly than cedar or slate but are definitely more expensive than 3-tab or architectural shingles. They come in many shapes and colors to match any homeowner’s preference.

27. What is the highest rating for shingles?

Shingles with a Grade 4 rating are the best, providing higher impact and fire resistance, longer lifespan, and better protection against damage and wind conditions.

28. Are shingles waterproof?

When installed correctly, all types of asphalt shingles are designed to be waterproof.

29. Are thicker shingles better?

Thicker roof shingles leak less, last longer, and resist hail better than thinner shingles due to an additional asphalt layer on the lower half.

30. What is a Type 4 shingle?

Class 4 impact-resistant shingles are made to withstand impacts from hail or other debris. Class 4 is the highest rating, capable of withstanding hail up to 2 inches in diameter.

31. Are roof shingles good or bad?

Asphalt shingles have their pros and cons. They can look unattractive after severe weather due to cracking, which can be both cosmetic and structural.

32. What brand is best for shingles?

Top manufacturers known for durable shingles include Owens Corning, GAF, CertainTeed, and Malarkey. Homeowners should consider these brands if they plan to stay in their homes for many years.

33. Which roof is cheaper?

Asphalt roofing is one of the more cost-effective choices, popular in homes around the country. It is relatively simple to install, affordable, and somewhat durable depending on the chosen style.

34. Can roof shingles leak?

Environmental factors and the passage of time can cause roof shingles to deteriorate and become ineffective at keeping water out, especially in areas with extreme temperatures or heavy snow and ice.

35. Which roof is stronger?

Slate roofs, made of natural stone cut into shingle pieces, are considered the most durable shingles. Properly installed slate roofs can last 50-100 years.

36. When should shingles not be used?

Shingles shouldn’t be installed on roofs with less than a 2:12 pitch, as this can cause problems and void the manufacturer’s warranty.

37. Are shingles better than tiles?

Both asphalt shingles and clay tiles can withstand extreme weather. However, shingles are better for homes in areas prone to hurricanes or tornadoes as clay is more likely to crack on impact.

38. Which roof is better, metal or shingles?

Metal roofing is more durable but also more expensive and difficult to install. Shingles are more affordable and easier to install but do not last as long. The aesthetic of each material is also very different, so consider the look of your house when choosing.

39. How much does asphalt roofing cost by type?

  • 3-tab shingles: $120–$315 per square (installed), average cost $217
  • Architectural shingles: $450–$965 per square (installed), average cost $707
  • Luxury shingles: $785–$1,250 per square (installed), average cost $1,017

40. What are the best shingles for wind?

F-Wave Revia synthetic shingles are known for their exceptional wind and impact resistance, withstanding winds up to 150 mph. They come with a 130 mph wind warranty and a Class 4 impact rating.

41. Can heavy rain cause roof leaks in shingles?

Over time, roofing shingles can dry out and wear down, losing their ability to keep water out. Roof leaks during heavy rains may signal that the shingles’ lifespan is ending.

42. What cleans shingles?

A solution of 50% bleach and 50% water can clean asphalt shingles. Follow up with immediate soft washing to remove dirt, mold, and debris without damaging the shingles.

43. Can I shingle a flat roof?

Shingles cannot be used on flat roofs as water does not drain off quickly enough. The minimum slope for asphalt shingle installation is 2:12.

44. What shape of roof is best?

Gable roofs are one of the most common and versatile roof types, looking good in many architectural styles. They have eave edges and sloped edges called rakes, providing ample living space on the upper level.

45. What do luxury shingles look like?

Luxury shingles are thicker and heavier than standard asphalt shingles. Their randomly placed tabs create shadow lines, adding depth and dimension for an “old-world” look similar to slate or wood shake roofing.

46. What type of roof is not suitable for shingles?

Shingles should not be installed on low slope or flat roofs due to drainage issues and potential warranty problems.

47. What shingles reduce heat?

Owens Corning® COOL Roof Collection Shingles reflect the sun’s energy and absorb less heat than standard shingles, helping to reduce electricity usage and maintain a comfortable indoor temperature.

48. Do shingles make a roof waterproof?

When installed correctly, all types of asphalt shingles are designed to be waterproof.

49. What color shingles are best for heat?

White or light-colored roofs are more energy-efficient, reducing electricity usage in hotter seasons and helping maintain a comfortable indoor temperature. Light-colored roofs can significantly lower utility bills.

50. What is a Class 3 shingle?

Class 3 shingles are asphalt roof shingles that can handle moderate hail damage and wind speeds up to 60 mph. They are more durable than Class 1 and 2 shingles but not as robust as Class 4 shingles.

51. Which is better, Class 3 or Class 4 shingles?

Although Class 4 shingles may be more expensive initially, their durability and potential insurance benefits might make them more cost-effective over time. However, if severe weather is rare in your area, Class 3 shingles could be a more economical choice.

52. Are thicker shingles better?

Thicker roof shingles tend to leak less, last longer, and resist hail better than thinner ones due to the additional asphalt layer on the lower half.

53. Is there a Class 5 shingle?

No, shingles are rated on a scale from one to four, with four being the highest rating based on their performance in the steel ball drop test simulating hail impact.

54. How to choose roof shingles?

Consider these tips:

  • Color and style
  • Consult your contractor about options
  • Look for a good warranty
  • Choose shingles that enhance curb appeal
  • Consider the wind rating
  • Consider impact resistance

55. What is the best shingle available?

Top asphalt shingle brands for 2024 include GAF Timberline HDZ, Owens Corning Duration, CertainTeed Landmark, Malarkey Legacy, Tamko Heritage, Atlas Pinnacle Pristine, and IKO Cambridge.

56. What is the most common type of roof shingle?

Architectural asphalt shingles are the most popular roofing material in the United States due to their affordability.

57. What color shingles last the longest?

Light-colored shingles reflect more light, potentially reducing air conditioning costs in the summer. However, manufacturers claim no significant difference in lifespan between light- and dark-colored shingles.

58. Which is better, composite or asphalt shingles?

Composite roofing is more durable and protective but also more expensive. Asphalt shingles are cheaper and easier to maintain but have a shorter lifespan.

59. What shingles last a lifetime?

Laminated shingles with a lifetime warranty are the longest-lasting, including both dimensional shingles with standard architectural patterns and “luxury” shingles resembling shakes or slate.

60. What are the disadvantages of a black roof?

Black roof shingles absorb heat, increasing attic temperatures and potentially raising cooling costs during summer by making the HVAC system work harder.

61. How many layers of shingles are there?

Most states allow only 2 layers of shingles for fire safety reasons, but some roofs have 3 or 4 layers. If there are already 2 or more layers, a contractor will usually recommend a complete replacement.

62. What are Grade D shingles?

Eastern White Cedar Grade D Utility Shingles offer a fine, even grain, low density, and lightweight, making them easy to work with and suitable for blending with natural materials like stone and brick.

63. What is the problem with shingles on a roof?

Traditional shingles are prone to cracking and splitting due to harsh weather, expansion and contraction, and damage from debris and algae.

64. Why do shingles crack?

Shingles crack when they lose volatile chemicals due to evaporation, moisture, or aging, causing the asphalt to shrink and form cracks.

65. Are shingles safe for roofs?

Modern shingles can be toxic during installation but generally aren’t harmful unless collecting potable rainwater from the roof, as chemicals can leach into the runoff.

66. How much is a bundle of roof shingles?

Roof shingle costs vary significantly by material. Traditional asphalt shingles can cost between $30 per bundle, while slate shingles range from $270 to $540 per bundle. Solar shingles are even pricier, at approximately $730 per bundle.

67. How many shingles are needed for a 10×10 roof?

For standard 3-tab shingles, it takes 3 bundles to cover a square (10’x10′ or 100 square feet). For architectural shingles, it typically requires 4 bundles per square. So, for a 2100 square foot roof, you would need 63 bundles of 3-tab shingles or 84 bundles of architectural shingles.

68. How do you calculate the number of roof shingles needed?

To calculate roofing squares, divide the total roof square footage by 100. For example, a 2,679-square-foot roof needs 26.79 roofing squares, rounded up to 27 squares. Shingles are sold in bundles, with each bundle covering about a third of a roofing square.

69. What size are shingles?

Asphalt shingles typically have widths of 36 inches, lengths of 12 inches, and thicknesses of 0.19 inches. The exposed length is usually 5 inches, with a 7-inch overlap.

70. How long is a roof shingle?

Three-tab shingles are generally 36 inches long and 12 inches wide. Metric shingles are slightly larger but are less common in the U.S.

71. What are the dimensions of shingle roofing?

Standard asphalt roofing shingles are typically 12 inches wide and 36 inches long (imperial) or 13 1/4 inches wide and 40 inches long (metric). The thickness is about 1/8 inch, although fiberglass shingles are usually thinner than tar paper shingles.


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  • Aisha Nazir

    Aisha Nazir, a highly skilled freelance web developer, web designer, and SEO expert, stands as a luminary in the digital realm. Currently serving as the Chief Developer at SRS Roofing & Exterior, she is also a proficient content writer, blogger, and YouTuber. A gold medalist in MSCS from MAJU, Aisha combines technical excellence with a creative touch, ensuring pixel-perfect design and user-friendly interfaces. Renowned for her expertise in digital marketing, she goes beyond conventional boundaries to optimize online experiences.

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